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Wildlife & Bird Watching

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India's forest cover ranges from the tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forest of the Himalaya. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plain. These lush forests are home to an amazing variety of wild life.
The Indian wildlife is preserved in about 98 national parks and over 441 wildlife sanctuaries, covering nearly 4.5% of the total geographical area of the country and makes this country a nature lover's paradise with more than 2000 different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 31000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants species. These sanctuaries and parks attract tourists to their beautiful landscapes, amazing rock formations and diverse range of flora and fauna. Most of these sanctuaries were originally private hunting grounds of the former Indian princes and royal families.
Since India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species, wildlife management in the country is essential to preserve these species. In recent decades, human encroachment has posed a threat to India's wildlife; in response, the system of national parks and protected areas, first established in 1935, was substantially expanded. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard crucial habitat; further federal protections were promulgated in the 1980s. Along with over 440 wildlife sanctuaries, India now hosts 15 biosphere reserves, four of which are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves; 25 wetlands are registered under the Ramsar Convention.
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