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Religion & Mythology

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The Indian peninsula has been the focal point of attraction for thousands of years and many of those who visited, made it their permanent home, for its rich bio-diversity and natural resources. The visitors included Caucasian races from Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Middle East and Europe; most of them came from its north west over a period of more than 3000 years. Evidence suggests that the sea route through the Bay Of Bengal and the Arabian Sea also brought other races to the southern parts of the Indian peninsula over the same period. It was obvious that migrating people during different periods brought with them their own religious beliefs, traditions, rituals, and even their weaponry, arms, manner of dressing up and cuisine.
But the greatest thing that could happen following these migrations was integration of people of different origin as a result there is no unified concept of religion in India. Starting from Indus Valley Civilization, India as a country has been bestowed with several nomenclatures. Right from unity in diversity to birthplace of Hinduism and Sanskrit, the land has always been admired and revered for its rich cultural legacy and variety that it offers. India is a story, a legend, folklore and an anecdote in itself. Introduction of Vedic traditions which perhaps the people of Aryan origin brought with them, the whole social system has been undergoing a dynamic change during the past 3000 years. Go to any part of rich India and you will find numerous temple and shrines and all of them contain their own unique stories. We have always believed in beautiful and fascinating description of Indian Gods and Goddesses.
There seems a lot of history in the shrines and temples in India. Each depiction of God and villains seems appropriate with the Good winning over the evil. The art and culture also have direct relationship with the mythology.
The Vedic religion centers on the worship of five basic elements i.e. Water, Air, Fire, Earth and Space. The Vedic rituals prescribe performing Yagnas for different occasions but no temples or idols are known belonging to the vedic period. Later during the late centuries BCE, the major Sanskrit epics viz. Ramayana and Mahabharata, were compiled. They contain mythological stories about the rulers and wars of ancient India, and are interspersed with religious and philosophical treatises. The later Puranas recount tales about devtas and devis, their interactions with humans and their battles against rakshasa.
As a result of integration of people of different origin, no unified concept of religion developed in India. Hinduism, as we know today, has derived its principles and practices from a large number of integrating traditions over a long period of time. Hinduism also includes yogic traditions and a wide spectrum of "daily morality" based on the notion of karma and societal norms such as Hindu marriage customs. However, there is no single founder of Hinduism.
The non-Vedic Shramana movement was founded by Buddha. This movement also gave rise to Jainism, yoga, the concept of the cycle of birth and death, the concept of samsara, and the concept of liberation. The Brahmanical ashrama system of life was an attempt to institutionalize Shramana ideals within the Brahmanical social structure.
Rather than one consistent, monolithic structure, religion in India is a range of diverse traditions, developed by different sects, people and philosophical schools, in different regions and at different times.
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